Desicareer Logo

How to crack the UPSC examination on first attempt without coaching?

WhatsApp Channel Join Now
Telegram Channel Join Now

How to crack the UPSC examination

Cracking the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examination is a dream for many aspiring civil servants. However, it requires diligent preparation, strategic planning, and unwavering dedication. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore effective strategies and tips to help aspirants navigate through the complexities of the UPSC examination process.

How to crack the UPSC examination
How to crack the UPSC examination on first attempt without coaching? 2

Understanding the UPSC Examination pattern

The UPSC examination is conducted in three stages: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Personality Test (Interview). Each stage demands a unique approach and preparation strategy.

  1. Preliminary Examination: The Preliminary Examination is the first hurdle in the UPSC journey. It consists of two papers: General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II (CSAT). Here are some key points to crack the Preliminary Examination:
    • Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and syllabus.
    • Focus on building a strong foundation in subjects like History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment, Science, and Current Affairs.
    • Practice solving previous years’ question papers and take mock tests regularly to improve time management and accuracy.
    • Develop a systematic approach to cover the vast syllabus efficiently.
  2. Main Examination: The Main Examination is the most crucial stage of the UPSC examination process. It comprises nine papers, including Essay, General Studies (four papers), Optional Subject (two papers), and Language Papers. Here are some tips to crack the Main Examination:
    • Understand the demand of each paper and prioritize topics accordingly.
    • Practice answer writing regularly to improve clarity, coherence, and logical presentation of ideas.
    • Revise important topics regularly and develop a revision strategy to retain information effectively.
    • Choose optional subjects wisely based on your interests, background, and scoring potential.
  3. Personality Test (Interview): The Personality Test, also known as the Interview, is the final stage of the UPSC examination process. It aims to assess the candidate’s personality, communication skills, and overall suitability for civil services. Here are some tips to excel in the Personality Test:
    • Stay updated with current affairs and relevant issues.
    • Practice mock interviews to gain confidence and improve articulation.
    • Be honest, confident, and composed during the interview.
    • Understand the importance of body language and non-verbal communication.

Understanding the Exam Pattern

The UPSC examination consists of three stages: the Preliminary Examination, the Main Examination, and the Personality Test (Interview). The Preliminary Examination is objective type, while the Main Examination is descriptive. Understanding the exam pattern is crucial as it helps in devising a comprehensive preparation strategy.

Comprehensive Syllabus Coverage

The UPSC syllabus is extensive, covering diverse subjects such as History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment, Science and Technology, and Current Affairs. It is essential to have a thorough understanding of each subject mentioned in the syllabus. Building a strong foundation with NCERT books and referring to standard reference materials is highly recommended.

Staying Updated with Current Affairs

Current affairs play a significant role in the UPSC examination. Candidates must stay updated with the latest events and developments in India and around the world. Reading newspapers, magazines, and reliable online sources can help in gaining insights into current affairs topics relevant to the exam.

Practice Mock Tests

Practicing previous years’ question papers and taking mock tests regularly is indispensable for UPSC preparation. Mock tests help in improving time management, accuracy, and familiarity with the exam pattern. They also aid in identifying strengths and weaknesses in different subjects.

Revision Strategy

Revision is the key to retention and reinforcement of concepts. Developing a systematic revision strategy ensures that important topics are revisited regularly, thereby enhancing memory retention and understanding.

Answer Writing Practice

Since the Main Examination is descriptive in nature, practicing answer writing is crucial. Candidates should focus on clarity, coherence, and logical presentation of ideas. Structuring answers in a concise and effective manner is essential for scoring well in the Main Examination.

Developing Analytical and Critical Thinking

UPSC exams evaluate not only knowledge but also analytical and critical thinking abilities. Candidates should practice solving case studies, essays, and comprehension passages to improve analytical skills and logical reasoning.

Time Management

Time management is critical during the Main Examination. Candidates should allocate specific time for each question and section and adhere to the schedule during practice sessions. Practicing time-bound tests helps in improving efficiency and performance during the actual examination.

Staying Motivated and Consistent

UPSC preparation is a long and challenging journey that requires consistent effort and perseverance. Staying motivated, maintaining a positive attitude, and believing in one’s abilities are essential for success. Surrounding oneself with supportive peers and mentors can provide encouragement and guidance throughout the preparation process.

In conclusion, cracking the UPSC examination requires a well-rounded approach that encompasses comprehensive subject knowledge, analytical skills, effective time management, and unwavering determination. By following the strategies and tips outlined in this article, aspirants can enhance their chances of success in one of India’s most prestigious examinations. With dedication and perseverance, achieving the dream of becoming a civil servant is within reach.


To crack the UPSC examination, you need careful planning, hard work, and strong determination. Understand how the exam works, use good strategies, and keep your eyes on the prize. Persistence and bouncing back from setbacks are important qualities that will help you achieve your goal of becoming a civil servant.

Wishing you the best of luck on your UPSC journey!

UPSC Previous year question papers
Sharing Is Caring:
Sunny Das

I’m Sunny Das, hailing from Assam, India. Commencing from August 2023, I’ve been actively sharing job listings on DesiCareer.

Leave a comment

Join Desicareer Whatsapp